Change in Turkey’s Northern Iraq Policy: A Comparative Analysis of Turgut Özal and Tayyip Erdoğan’s Tenures

ULUSLARARASI İLİŞKİLER, VOLUME 14, NUMBER 56, 2017 

Özlem KAYHAN PUSANE*

ABSTRACT

Since the 1960s, Turkish policymakers have developed a distant attitude towards the Kurdish movement in Iraq and they have been concerned about the possibility of similar developments taking place in Turkey. However, in the early 1990s, and then from 2007/2008 onwards, Turkey left its distant attitude towards northern Iraq and pursued an active policy developing close relations with the Iraqi Kurds. This paper explores to what extent Turkey’s foreign policy change towards northern Iraq in these two periods constituted leader-driven change and to what extent these changes resulted from structural/environmental factors.

Keywords: Turkish Foreign Policy, Foreign Policy Change, Northern Iraq, Tayyip Erdoğan, Turgut Özal

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* Assist. Prof. Dr., Department of International Relations, Işık Üniversitesi, İstanbul.


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