Governments, Presidents and Prime Ministers in Turkey’s Foreign Policy Crises

ULUSLARARASI İLİŞKİLER, VOLUME 15, NUMBER 59, 2018  

Fuat AKSU*

ABSTRACT

This study investigates Turkey’s decision making process during foreign policy crises in order to analyse what impact and roles the decision units have in crisis management. In 36 foreign policy crises, the role of decision units in the final decisions varies according to whether the government in power is a majority or coalition government. The decision making process during foreign policy crises is shaped by the role of the president and the prime minister as the ultimate decision units within the executive. The attempts by presidents to go beyond making statements and to become the ultimate decision maker in foreign policy crises, despite being unaccountable in political terms, is a factor that further complicates crisis management. In parliamentary democracies, the balance between the executive and legislative relies on the accountability of those having political responsibility. Thus, the harmonious cooperation of all actors in the structure and process of decision making at times of process increases the success of crisis management.

Keywords: Foreign Policy, Decision Unit, Crisis Management, Turkish Foreign Policy

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* Assoc. Prof. Dr., Department of Political Science and International Relations, Yıldız Technical University, İstanbul.


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