The Regime for Protecting Cultural Property during Armed Conflicts: An Analysis of the Historical Development

ULUSLARARASI İLİŞKİLER, VOLUME 16, NUMBER 61, 2019

Elvan ÇOKİŞLER* 

ABSTRACT

This research deals with the historical development of the regime for protecting cultural properties during armed conflicts. The historical development is addressed in three sections: The first section explains the process from antiquity through the 18th century in light of the views that form the philosophical background of the regime. The second section discusses the initial tangible efforts which appeared in the 19th century with regard to the establishment of customary law, while the third section handles the 20th century endeavors in terms of the codification of the regime. The research has shown that, throughout history cultural property has been open for strategic use, efforts for protecting it accelerated particularly after great wars and codification efforts improved as a reaction to big damages stemming from changing nature of armed conflicts. These findings may be interpreted as indicating that today’s protection efforts are bound to be insufficient for the future strategic uses of cultural property that are unpredictable from today’s vantage point.

Keywords: Cultural Property, Protection of Cultural Property, 1954 The Hague Convention, The Roerich Pact, The OIM Convention.

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* Res. Asst. Dr., Department of International Relations, Adnan Menderes University, Aydın.


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