Constructivism, Identity, ‘Manufactured’ Citizens: Russia’s Citizenship Policies in Abkhazia and South Ossetia

ULUSLARARASI İLİŞKİLER, VOLUME 16, NUMBER 61, 2019

F. Didem EKİNCİ* 

ABSTRACT

This paper discusses through a Constructivist perspective that the aim of maintaining influence via great power identity in the Near Abroad which preserved its significance in the post-1991 Russian foreign policy under the statist/pragmatist and civilizationist schools’ influence, is reinforced through citizenship policies due to established collective identities with certain actors. The fact that Russia’s conferral of citizenship to certain peoples through old collective identities via long-time great power identity is not a newly invented and ephemeral policy but that its roots reflect influence-driven subjecthood/citizenship policies since the Tsarist times, strengthens the assumption that the Near Abroad is an irreplaceable region for Russia which may practice similar policies towards other actors in the Near Abroad in the future.

Keywords: Russia, Citizenship, Near Abroad, Abkhazia, South Ossetia

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* Assoc. Prof. Dr., Department of Political Science and International Relations, Çankaya University, Ankara.

 


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