20 Years of Securitization: Strengths, Limitations and A New Dual Framework

01/09/2020
ULUSLARARASI ILISKILER, VOLUME 17, NUMBER 67, 2020

Basar BAYSAL*

ABSTRACT
Copenhagen School scholars introduced Securitization Theory in 1998 in a comprehensive way. Since then, it has been used widely to examine diverse topics. The strength of the theory derives from its constructivist ontology and clear framework. However, the theory has various limitations including lack of the analysis of rival views. This study aims to outline the strengths and limitations of Securitization Theory and present a novel framework for securitization. The new framework provides a dual approach for examining non-violent oppositions and counter-securitizations. It also analyses the securitization process in three phases: decision/definition, construction, and insecuritization-in-action.

Keywords: Dual Securitization, Insecuritization, Security Professionals, Counter-Securitization, Critical Security Studies

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* Dr., Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Universidad Del Rosario