Ideology and Foreign Policy: A Comparative Analysis of Kemalist (1930-1939) and Islamist (2011-2015) Foreign Policies in Turkey2017-02-20 08:55:12
Under what conditions do domestic ideological shifts produce ideology-based foreign policy? In this study, Turkish foreign policies in 1930-1939 and 2011-2015 are comparatively analyzed within the framework of this question. While Kemalist elite pursued a cautious and pragmatic foreign policy in the 1930s, the Islamist elite implemented an ideology-based foreign policy in the first half of the 2010s. This study, which attempts to explain this variation, argues that those governments with low risk of being overthrown in domestic politics tend to pursue an ideologically-induced foreign policy if international environment offers a larger maneuver room to act.Keywords: Kemalism, Islamism, Turkish Foreign Policy, Ideology ---------------- * Assoc. Prof. Dr., Department of Political Science, University of Nebraska Omaha and Co-Director of Islamic Studies Program.